Arianna Foster
Published by Arianna Foster
Last Updated On: September 20, 2022

Steaks are my favorite meat cut, and during the decade I’ve been on a carnivore diet, I’ve probably eaten hundreds of them.

When I decided to make a switch to a meat-centric lifestyle, I thought cooking steaks would be easy.

I soon realized I needed knowledge and finesse to cook steaks. I’ve spent years perfecting all levels of steak doneness, and today, I’ll share all my tips and tricks on how to cook different steaks.

Quick Summary

  • There are six different levels of cooking steak.
  • All steaks, apart from well-done, should be cooked at a high temperature.
  • There’s no right or wrong steak doneness. It only depends on the consumer’s preference.

How to Cook a Steak

A chef cooking a steak on a grill

Steak doneness will change the meat’s texture and flavor. How cooked a steak is, is mostly a matter of time and not temperature.

Steak cuts can be of different thicknesses, which requires different cooking times, so treat all time guidelines as recommendations, not rules.

Note: USDA recommends that steak be cooked at an internal temperature of 145 degrees for consumer safety [1]. However, research shows that steak cooked at lower temperatures is still safe to eat [2].

The best way to cook a steak is on a grill or in a pan on high heat. This allows you to sear the outside of the steak and trap the juices inside.

Here’s a complete guide on how to cook 1-inch thick steaks.

1. Bleu

Bleu (blue) steaks come from French cuisine. This is a raw steak, or just shy of being completely raw. Out of all the levels of doneness, this is the rawest steak. It’s also one of the hardest steaks to cook successfully.

This steak is called blue because it first has a bluish purple color. Then it changes to red when you expose it to air.

You should cook bleu steak cold, at a high temperature for a very short time — about a minute per side and several seconds on the edges to get a slight sear. Cook blue steak at 115 degrees.

It’s fine if the insides look red and raw. In fact, that’s the purpose. This steak can be tough to chew, and the interior may not even be warm.

Many people fear getting sick from bleu steak because it’s raw. However, it’s safe to eat if you seal it before eating. It’s also cooked just enough to get rid of any bacteria on the meat's surface.

2. Rare

A close up image of a steak being sliced

Rare steak is cooked only slightly longer than blue steak — about 60 seconds more. You should cook this steak for two minutes per side and several seconds on the edges to get raw doneness.

The steak’s inside should be about 75% red, with some blood oozing out. The outside of the steak should be lightly charred and darkened. The sides should be light brown, and the middle should be cool and red.

Overall, rare steaks should be hot on the outside and cool or slightly warm on the inside. The steak’s internal temperature should be 120 degrees.

Rare steak is completely safe to eat as long as the internal temperature reaches 120 to 130 degrees and the raw meat is sealed before cooking.

3. Medium-Rare

Medium-rare is the recommended level of doneness for steak. It’s also one of the trickiest steaks to cook because the steak should have a light pink center with browned sides and caramelized top and bottom with grill marks.

A medium-rare steak should have a firm surface and a little give toward the middle. Cook this steak for 4 minutes per side until its internal temperature is 130 to 140 degrees.

You should let a medium-rare steak rest after cooking. This allows the steak to lock in juices and flavors. Resting time for this steak depends on the steak thickness, but the rule is 10 to 20 minutes.

4. Medium

An image of whole steak on a pan and sliced steak on the side

We’re going up in steak doneness levels and cooking difficulty. Cooking a medium steak is harder than any of the previous stages of doneness.

Next to medium rare, medium steaks are among the most popular red meat cuts. You should cook it for five minutes per side so that the inside has a strip of pink through the middle.

There should be more brown and less pink meat. The sides should be brown, and the top and bottom should be charred. There should also be some juices flowing, but not too many.

The steak’s temperature should be 140 degrees. This steak is less tender than medium-rare and feels firm to the touch.

5. Medium-Well

Medium-well steaks have a hint of pink in the middle, a dark brown surface, and charred top and bottom. This steak shouldn't have any red.

Medium-well steak has a texture that resembles leather. It’s stiff with a little give in the center. This steak is dry and chewy and doesn’t have a strong beefy taste.

You should cook medium-well steak at a high temperature for seven minutes on one side. Then turn and cook for five more minutes. The cooking process is done when the steak reaches 155 to 165 degrees.

6. Well-Done

A person slicing a well-done steak

Well-done steak is the dryest and chewiest steak of all. It’s often referred to as overdone by chefs and grill masters. This steak has a bad reputation, and some chefs even refuse to cook it.

You may think well-done steak is the easiest to cook.

Actually, it’s the hardest of all to get a perfect steak that’s well-done because it’s difficult not to dry it out. You should cook well-done meat low and slow to make sure it doesn’t burn and that it’s cooked through the middle.

These steaks shouldn’t have any pink on the inside. The right color is gray-brown. The meat feels firm to the touch.

Cook well-done steaks for 10 to 12 minutes per side until their temperature is 170 degrees or higher. This is the only steak you shouldn’t cook at a high temperature but at a lower temperature to prevent burning. Cook it at medium heat instead of high.

Pro tip: Sear the steak on the outside, then broil for 8 minutes per side so it’s completely brown and you get a crispy exterior.

Using Meat Thermometer for the Right Doneness

A steak on a pan with thermometer

Here’s how to use a meat thermometer step-by-step to get the right doneness:

  • Choose an instant-read thermometer to get an accurate reading.
  • Slide the meat thermometer towards the center of the entire steak, away from the fat and bone.
  • Check the center temperature.

“Place the food thermometer in the thickest part of the food. It should not touch bone, fat, or gristle. Start checking the temperature toward the end of cooking before you expect it to be done. Be sure to clean your food thermometer with hot soapy water before and after each use.”
- USDA

Pro tip: Steaks continue cooking even after you remove them from heat because of residual heat. For example, if your final temperature is 160 degrees, remove the steak when it reaches 155 degrees.

FAQs

What Is Lower Than a Rare Steak?

Blue rare is lower than a rare steak.

Is Rare Better Than Medium-Rare?

No, rare isn’t better than medium rare. It’s a matter of preference. Some people like steaks cooked rare because they are juicier, while others prefer medium-rare.

Why Do Chefs Like Medium-Rare?

Chefs like medium-rare because it’s a good way to bring out the meat’s flavor and retain steak moisture.

What’s the Best Steak Level of Doneness for You?

There’s no right or wrong level of doneness. It’s completely a matter of preference, so choose steak doneness according to your own preferences.

Make sure to follow the guidelines I’ve listed above for food temperature to get perfectly cooked steak. You want to ensure food safety and have a delicious steak at the same time.

If you’re looking for a reliable meat supplier, we’ve got a round-up of the best 11 best meat delivery services. Each of these suppliers sells sustainably sourced meat without any hormones or additives.

Moreover, you can choose between all the popular steak cuts: Porterhouse, Ribeye, Sirloin, and more. Check them out, and choose your supplier.


References:

  1. https://www.usda.gov/media/blog/2011/05/25/cooking
  2. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/3743657.stm

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