If you want to try smoking meat but don’t have a smoker yet, you can start by using what you have.
A charcoal grill with a lid can be used to start out smoking meat before you invest in a dedicated smoker.
We have investigated many different methods of smoking meat on a charcoal grill, and our expert advice will help you get started by smoking ribs on a charcoal grill!
- There are some important considerations when smoking ribs on a charcoal grill.
- Dedicated meat smokers can be a pretty hefty investment and may discourage you from trying your hand at smoking meat.
- You can start your meat smoking journey without a fancy smoker if you have a charcoal grill with a lid.
A charcoal grill can be used as a makeshift smoker, and you can successfully smoke ribs on your grill.
A few simple modifications to your grilling technique will open a whole new world of smoking meat on your charcoal grill!
How Can A Grill Be Used As A Smoker?
If you are not in the position to outlay a wad of cash for a dedicated smoker, a charcoal grill can be turned into a smoker that can serve as an alternative to smoke your own meat in the interim.
The grill needs to fulfill a few requirements to double as a smoker.
- It must have a lid. A lid will keep the heat and the smoke inside the grill.
- Adjustable chimney or holes. The lid should have a chimney or holes that can be adjusted for air, smoke, and heat control.
- An internal thermometer. If your grill does not have a built-in thermometer, you will need to purchase a thermometer to monitor the internal temperature in the grill.
If your grill matches these criteria, you are ready to start smoking! Smoking ribs on your grill is a good place to try your charcoal grill as a smoker.
Smoking Ribs On A Charcoal Grill
Before we get going on the method for smoking ribs on a charcoal grill, you will need a few supplies to make the process work.
- Smoking wood. You will need some wood chips or smallish chunks of wood suitable for smoking. Some good options are hickory, applewood, cherry, or oak.
- A metal tray for water. An old metal oven dish or aluminum foil food tray is needed under the grill to provide moisture and catch drippings from the meat.
- A bucket. This will be for soaking your wood chips.
- A rub or basting for the ribs. Your favorite rub or basting for the ribs should be prepared beforehand.
Once you have all these items on hand, you can prepare the meat and the grill, and wood for the smoking process.
Preparing The Grill And The Ribs
It is best to start the preparations the night before you intend to smoke the ribs.
The process works best when the ribs and wood are given this additional time.
Soak the ribs in a brine solution for about 3 to 6-hours. Soaking the ribs in brine overnight is better, but a minimum of 3-hours can work.
The brine solution helps the ribs to absorb the smoke flavor better.
Dump your wood chips in a bucket and soak them in water for a minimum of 2-hours.
If you start the night before, simply leave the wood to soak in the water overnight.
On the day you will be smoking the ribs, remove them from the brine and pat it dry with a clean kitchen cloth.
Now is the time to set up the charcoal grill and build a fire.
- Build a charcoal fire. Place a pile of charcoal in the center of the grill and light the fire as you normally would.
- Place the water tray in the center of the coals. Move half the coals to one side of the grill and the other half to the other side. Place the metal dish or aluminum foil dish in between the two piles of charcoal.
- Half fill the tray with water. Fill the tray halfway with water. This will steam and help keep the ribs moist and act as a drip tray to catch drippings and prevent fire flare-ups.
Close the grill and give it a couple of minutes to heat up. In the interim, cover the ribs with your favorite rub.
Don’t use a rub with too much sugar, as the sugar could burn and give a bitter taste to the meat.
If you have a basting sauce, do not apply it now; rather, it is best to wait until the last hour of cooking before applying the basting.
Open the grill and place a handful of the wet wood chips on either side of the drip tray. The wood should start to smoke immediately.
Place the ribs on the cooking grill directly above the drip tray. If possible, place the ribs directly under the vent or chimney in the lid of the grill.
This keeps the meat in the direct flow of the smoke.
Moisture is as critical to the process as the smoke, so always ensure the water in the aluminum tray is sufficient !
Now comes the waiting and monitoring!
Monitoring The Ribs Smoking On The Charcoal Grill
The temperature inside the grill, with the lid on, should be maintained between 250°F and 300°F. This is the ideal temperature for what is called a low heat smoke.
The temperature should not get higher than 325°F, which will cook the meat too fast and possibly burn the meat.
If the temperature gets too hot, raise the lid for 2 or 3-minutes to let the heat escape and the coals burn down a little.
If you don’t have a thermometer on your grill, a general guide is if you can hold your hand over the cooking grill for between 8 to 10-seconds, the temperature should be right.
Every hour you must perform the following.
- Turn the meat. Turn the ribs over to ensure and even smoke and cook.
- Add coals if necessary. If the temperature is starting to drop, add a few more coals.
- Add more wood. Add another handful of the wet wood chips.
- Top up the water in the drip tray. This water will evaporate during the process and should be replaced.
In the last 30-minutes of cooking, baste the ribs with your favorite basting every 10-minutes.
The total time it should take to smoke a couple of racks of ribs on your charcoal grill should be about 3-hours if you use the temperatures we have indicated for a slow smoke.
But, as Jeff Phillips explains, “Low and slow is the key to smoking ribs.” 
A grill can be used as a smoker to smoke ribs, but you don’t have the same control and versatility as you would with a dedicated smoker.
This may limit what you can smoke on your charcoal grill, but ribs certainly do not fall into that category and can be successfully smoked on your charcoal grill!
You can try these smoker plus grill combos instead.