Timothy Woods
Published by Timothy Woods
Last Updated On: April 24, 2022

With the wide temperature ranges available, standing behind the grill can be pretty intimidating for the first time. However, following the correct cooking method and using the optimal grill temperatures is not only essential for a delicious, juicy barbeque; it's critical for food safety!

Quick Summary

  • Follow the chart as a mere guideline.
  • Use a high-quality meat thermometer to test the temperature.
  • The ideal grill temperature depends on different types and cuts of meat.

The grill temperature charts in this article will provide a general guideline for grilling succulent cuts of meat. So, read on to find out more.

What Temperature Should A Grill Be?

A grill with high flame

The ideal grill temperature varies considerably based on the type of food you're grilling.

Similar to cooking different food types in the oven that needs temperature adjusting, the same rule applies to the barbeque or grill.

Using the ideal cooking method and temperatures according to your ingredients helps retain moisture flavor and ensures safety.

Following a temperature chart is ideal for beginners to get started or remind the professionals about a particular cut of meat that they rarely place on the grill.

However, bear in mind that each barbeque session differs based on various factors like the size of your ingredients.

Therefore, we only offer an approximate guideline based on expert advice.

The following factors influence the temperature the grill should be:

  •       Type of food (beef, lamb, chicken, pork, veggies, etc.)
  •       The weight and thickness of the food.
  •       The surface temperature of the grill.
  •       Direct or Indirect heat.

The next time you come across the grill instructions stating "pre-heat your grill to medium heat" or "sear at a high heat for three minutes," you'll know what the recipes mean, making life a whole lot simpler and your meat a whole lot juicier!

Here are temperature charts to provide a guideline of what temperature a grill should be:

A Gas Grill's Temperatures

A meat laying on a grill

Gas grills have an automatic temperature gauge, making it easier to control the heat than figure out how to test the temperature on a charcoal grill.

In addition, you can adjust the heat by turning the grill's knobs up or down as needed.

While most gas grill temperatures max out at 550°F, here is a rough guide to gas grill temperatures [1]:

  • Extremely high (450°F to 550°F)
  • High (400°F to 450°F)
  • Medium-high (375°F to 400°F)
  • Medium (350°F to 375°F)
  • Low (300°F to 350°F)
  • Pitmaster-style "low and slow" (200°F to 300°F)

Grilling Temperatures for Meat and Vegetables

1. Beef

Close up image of a raw beef on a grill

Beef is usually the go-to meat choice for a delicious barbeque. However, with the wide range of available cuts, the grilling temperatures differ too.

Here is a guideline of grilling temperatures for beef cuts:

BEEF CUT SURFACE TEMPERATURE (°F) COOK TO INTERNAL TEMPERATURE
Filet Mignon 360 to 400°F 130 to 165°F
Rib-eye Steak 360 to 400°F 130 to 165°F
T-bone Steak 360 to 400°F 130 to 165°F
New York Strip 360 to 400°F 130 to 165°F
Hamburger Patties 400°F 160°F
Kabobs 350 to 400°F 130 to 165°F
Roast or Rolled Rump 380°F 135 to 170°F
Sirloin Tips 350°F 130 to 165°F
Tenderloin 400°F 135 to 170°F
Beef Sausage 350°F 160°F

2. Chicken

Grilling a chicken breast on a grill

While the ideal internal temperature for chicken is a minimum of 165 °F to ensure you are safe from any nutritional problems, the perfect grill temperature varies depending on the chicken cut on the grill.

Here is a guideline of grilling temperatures for chicken cuts:

CHICKEN CUT SURFACE TEMPERATURE (°F) COOK TO INTERNAL TEMPERATURE
Whole Unstuffed Chicken 350°F 165 to 170°F
Breast halves 350°F 165 to 180°F
Thighs 350°F 165 to 180°F
Drumsticks 350°F 165 to 180°F
Wings 350°F 165 to 180°F

While the temperatures may be the same, you'll notice that the time it takes to reach the internal temperature differs from 8 to 15 minutes for the chicken pieces and around 60 to 75 minutes for the whole chicken.

3. Pork

Top view of pork being cooked on charcoal grill

With a delicious marinade, pork's taste and aroma never seem to disappoint. However, you'll want to note that, like beef, pork can be dry and tasteless if you overcook it.

To prevent this from happening, follow the guideline of grilling temperatures for pork cuts:

PORK CUT SURFACE TEMPERATURE (°F) COOK TO INTERNAL TEMPERATURE
Chops 325 to 350°F 145°F
Ribs 350 to 400°F 145°F
Ground Patties 400°F 160°F
Tenderloin 360 to 400°F 145°F
Kabobs 350 to 400°F 135 to 160°F
Pork Sausage 350°F 160°F
Uncured Ham 285°F 140°F

4. Seafood

A small crab on grill

Seafood is a delicacy that most of us avoid attempting to perfect on the grill at home. However, for the pros or risk-takers, here is a guideline of grilling temperatures for seafood [2]:

SEAFOOD TYPE SURFACE TEMPERATURE (°F) COOK TO INTERNAL TEMPERATURE
Salmon 450 to 500°F 125 to 145°F
Halibut 450 to 500°F 130°F
Lobster 400 to 450°F 140°F
Scallops 350 to 450°F 130°F
Shrimp 350 to 450°F 120°F
Tuna 450 to 500°F 115°F

5. Vegetables

The standard grilling temperature for vegetables is around 350°F.

The main difference is the time needed for different veggies to stay on the grilling surface.

  • Greens, stems, leaves, and fruits take between 3 to 10 minutes on a side as they are lighter and contain easy heat penetrating textures.
  • Thanks to their tough texture, tubers take a long while to grill. On average, potatoes and sweet potatoes take around 90 minutes to prepare on the grill.

Measuring Grill Temperature

A charcoal grill from low heat to high heat outdoors

To ensure that you are grilling your food at the ideal temperature, you'll need to gauge the grill's temperature.

Use The Hand Method

Using the hand method to determine the temperature does not allow us to test the precise temperature, but it gives us a rough estimate.

Hold your hand about three inches directly above the charcoal grill. The total number of seconds you can hold your hand there without burning will roughly determine the grill's temperature.

Here are the estimations according to Weber.com [3].

  • High (450° to 550°F): 2 to 4 seconds
  • Medium (350° to 450°F): 5 to 7 seconds
  • Low (250° to 350°F): 8 to 10 seconds

Use A Grill Surface Temperature Thermometer

While some seasoned professionals use the hand test to guess or estimate the grill's temperature, you may want to consider a little more precise while you wean your way into becoming a grill master.

The best, most accurate, and hand-friendly way to determine the grill's temperature is using a grill surface temperature thermometer. Attach the thermometer to the center of your grates and take your first reading after around five minutes.

More so, you can move the thermometer to the corners of your grill to get an accurate temperature reading of the entire surface area of the grill.

Use a temperature probe to provide an immediate and accurate reading of the meat's internal temperature.

Conclusion

Always ensure that the grill is the ideal temperature for the particular type of food you're cooking.

Following the grill temperature guidelines helps ensure a tasty meal time and time again!

However, the most accurate way to determine if the meat is perfectly cooked is to measure its internal temperature.

You can measure the meat's internal temperature using a meat thermometer. We recommend ThermoPro TP20 for accurate readings.


Resources:

  1. https://www.bhg.com/recipes/grilling/basics/grill-temperature-control/
  2. https://blog.thermoworks.com/fish-seafood/recommended-temperatures-seafood/
  3. https://www.weber.com/US/en/grill-skills/mastering-charcoal/charcoal/measuring-heat-the-hand-test/weber-34145.html

Was this article helpful?

About the author

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.