Timothy Woods
Published by Timothy Woods
Last Updated On: August 17, 2022

Smoking meat can be intimidating at first, but it does not need to be!

Our professional Pit Masters have compiled smoking times and temperatures charts for all novice and distinguished smokers. They have also included a few essential tips for smoking the perfect smoking meats, even pork butt or pulled pork.

Summary of the Key Findings

  • Use the times and temperatures only as a guideline.
  • Use an accurate thermometer.
  • Many factors can influence the smoking time.

The smoking time and temperatures list in this article will assist you in smoking the perfect juicy cuts of meat.

Our professional Pit Masters have also included some valuable information about smoking.  Read on to find out more.

Smoking Times And Temperatures

Pork shoulder and ribs on smoker and a meat thermometer

Smoking time and temperature charts are mere guidelines for smoking meat.  The times on charts can vary greatly, but the most important information is the smoking temperature of the piece of meat.

The finished temperature of the meat is proof that the meat is cooked and safe to consume.

“Keep a log-book to log your cook, key environmental conditions, and actions undertaken during the cook.  This will shorten your learning curve and assist in the production of more consistent outcomes.”
- Wayne Mueller Pitmaster

Smoker temperature charts are great for beginners starting into meat smoking or to serve the professional as a reminder if they haven't smoked a particular cut for a while.

Most beginners will most often crank up the heat to get the desired smoker temperature up and speed up the smoking process, this will work, but it won’t result in the perfect juicy “low and slow” piece of meat.

Many factors can affect the smoking time of meat; some factors will result in a few extra hours.

A professional smoker will simply see the extra cooking time to increase flavor and just enjoy the Barbecue [1].

Here are a few factors that may increase the smoking time of your meat:

  • Is the cut of meat bone-in or boneless
  • A thicker piece of meat will take longer to reach higher temperatures
  • The fattier cuts will take longer to cook
  • Lifting the smoker lid is like having an un-insulated smoker; the exact temperature will drop, resulting in lower temperatures.
  • The ambient temperature and weather conditions

Smoking Times And Temperatures Charts

A smoker outdoor and a meat inside the smoker close up image

The following cooking time options are only guidelines, and the only way to ensure the smoked meat is cooked is to accurately measure smoker temperature.

Below are charts for beef, pork, lamb, venison, fish, seafood, and vegetables [2].

Beef Smoking Temperatures and Times Chart

See below the chart for smoking beef:

Beef Cut Smoker Temp Internal Temp Smoking Time
Beef brisket 225 – 250°F 190 – 205°F 12 – 20 hours
Back ribs 225 – 250°F 185 – 190°F 3 – 4 hours
Short ribs 225 – 250°F 190 – 200°F 6 – 8 hours
Spare ribs 225 – 250°F 190 – 203°F 5 – 6 hours
Prime rib 225 – 250°F 135°F 15 min/lb
Chuck roast 225 – 250°F 190 – 200°F 12 – 20 hours
Rump roast 225 – 250°F 145°F 30 min/lb
Whole ribeye 225 – 250°F 135°F 25 min/lb
Tenderloin 225 – 250°F 130 – 140°F 2 ½ – 3 hours
Tri-tip 225 – 250°F 130 – 140°F 2 – 3 hours
Sausage 225 – 250°F 160°F 30 – 60 min

Tips For Smoking Beef

  • Beef brisket is done at around 195-205°F, but most Pit Masters will only remove it from the smoker at 203°F as it will continue to cook while resting.
  • Prime rib can be seared on the grill or in the oven, producing a brown bark.
  • Add 10°F for well done and minus 10°F for rare.

Pork Smoking Temperature and Times Chart

Below is the chart for smoking pork:

Pork Cut Smoker Temp Internal Temp Smoking Time
Pork butt 225 – 250°F 205°F 1.5 hours/lb
Baby back ribs 225 – 250°F 180°F 5 hours
Spare ribs 225 – 250°F 180 – 185°F 5 – 7 hours
Loin 225 – 250°F 145°F 4 – 5 hours
Belly bacon less than 100°F 140°F 6 hours
Whole hog 225 – 250°F 205°F 16 – 18 hours
Tenderloin 225 – 250°F 160°F 2 ½ – 3 hours
Pork sausage 225 – 250°F 165°F 1 – 3 hours

Tips for smoking Pork

  • Be patient when smoking pork butt; just an estimate of about 2 hours per pound
  • Perfectly smoked pork ribs should not fall off the bone, but the meat should pull back cleanly from the bone.

Lamb Smoking Times And Temperature

Here is the lamb smoking chart:

Lamb Cut Smoker Temp Internal Temp Smoking Time
Lamb's leg 225 – 250°F 140 – 150°F 4 – 8 hours
Lamb shank 225 – 250°F 190°F 4 – 5 hours
Lamb's shoulder 225 – 250°F 170°F 5 – 5 ½ hours
Lamb rack 200 – 225°F 135 – 140°F 1 ¼ hour

Smoking Tips For Lamb

  • Cut extra slits into the meat for the smoke to penetrate
  • Use fresh herbs and fruity wood to enhance the flavor of the lamb
  • Base the lamb to prevent it from drying out too quickly

Poultry Smoking Times And Temperature

Below is the chart for poultry:

Poultry Smoker Temp Internal Temp Smoking Time
Chicken whole 275 – 350°F 170°F 2 – 3 hours
Chicken quarters 275 – 350°F 170°F 1 – 2 hours
Chicken thighs 275 – 350°F 170°F 1 ½ hour
Chicken wings 275 – 350°F 170°F 1 ¼ hour
Turkey whole 275 – 350°F 170°F 4 – 5 hours
Turkey leg 275 – 350°F 170°F 2 – 3 hours
Turkey wings 275 – 350°F 170°F 2 – 2 ½ hours
Turkey breast 275 – 350°F 165°F 4 hours
Quail / Pheasant 225°F 165°F 1 hour
Cornish Hens 240°F 165°F 2 hours
Whole duck 225 – 250°F 165°F 4 hours

Tips For Smoking Poultry

  • Always cook poultry to the USDA minimum temperature
  • Do not wet brine chicken, rather dry brine for a crispy skin

Fish And Seafood Smoking Time And Temperature

See below the chart for fish and seafood:

Fish and seafood Smoker Temp Finished Temp Smoking Time
Salmon whole 200°F 145°F Till flaky
Whole trout 225°F 145°F 1 hour
Salmon filet 220°F 145°F 1 hour
Tilapia filet 220°F 145°F 1 hour
Lobster tails 225°F 140°F 45 min
Oysters 225°F N/A 30 – 40 min
Scallops 225°F 145°F 45 – 60 min
Shrimp 225°F N/A 20 – 30 min

Tips For Smoking Fish and Seafood

  • Keep an eye on Salmon, as it will dry out quickly.   It is ready when it starts to flake at around 145°F
  • Shrimp will tell you when they are cooked; their shells will turn bright pink.  Be aware that shrimp will become chewy at around 150°F
  • Oysters are done when their edges start to curl up.

Venison Smoking Time And Temperature

Here is the smoking chart for venison:

Venison Smoker Temp Finished Temp Smoking Time
Venison Roast 225°F 165°F 45 -60 min\lb.
Venison Tenderloin 225°F 165°F 45 min\lb.
Jerky 140°F N/A 12 -16 hours
Dove, Quail, Pheasant 200°F 180 -185°F 2 -3 hours
Duck 250°F 165°F 2.5 -4 hours
Wild Boar 250°F 165°F 3 -4 hours\lb.

Tips For Smoking Venison

  • Add 10°F internal temp for well done and minus 10°F for rare
  • Use wet brine for the drier cuts of meat
  • Monitor the internal temperature

Vegetable Smoking Time And Temperature

Below is the vegetable chart:

Vegetable Smoker Temp Finished Temp Smoking Time
Corn on the Cob 225 °F N/A 1.5-2 hours
Whole Potato 225 °F N/A 2-2.5 hours
Whole Sweet Potato 225 °F N/A 2-2.5 hours
Tomatoes 225-240 °F N/A 1 hour

Tips For Smoking Vegetables

  • Use lots of butter and seasoning when smoking vegetables
  • Add more wood to maintain the smoker's temperature

Measuring Meat Temperature

A built in grill smoker thermometer

A high-quality and accurate thermometer is essential for the outcome of the cooking meat process.

An Ideal thermometer will be one with two or more temperature probes.

The placement of the probes is important.  If possible, place one probe 1" above the grate and at least 2" away from the meat to get an accurate smoker temperature.

When looking for the internal temperature of the meat, it is crucial to test several areas on the meat and take the lowest reading.

Insert the probe into the center of the meat and take a reading, then push past the center to see a difference.

Avoid sticking the probe into a chunk of fat, as this will give a lower reading than the meat [3].

Related Article:

The Bottom Line: Using The Smoking Time And Temperature Chart

The Smoking time and temperature list should only be used as a guideline.  The only way to tell if the meat is cooked correctly is to measure its internal temperature.

And for that, you will need a trusty instrument like the ThermoPro TP20 Thermometer.

Many different factors can influence the smoking time of the meat, so be sure to take all of them into account.  Never rush the smoking process, as this will show in the final taste of the meat.

Follow the tips provided to increase the flavor of the meat and make the smoke enjoyable.


 References:

  1.     https://www.smokedbbqsource.com/smoking-times-temperatures/
  2.     https://www.foodfirefriends.com/smoking-times-temperatures-chart/
  3.     https://kingofthecoals.com/smoking-times-temperatures/

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