Venison is a kind of meat people either love or hate due to its distinctive flavor. However, a mistake many people make is not cooking venison properly.
I’ve been on a carnivore diet for more than a decade, and during this time, I’ve tried all kinds of wild game, but venison remains my favorite. I’ve been preparing wild venison meat for years, so today, I’ll give you all my tips and tricks on cooking venison.
- Cooking venison involves marinating, resting before cooking, searing, and resting after cooking for optimal flavor and tenderness.
- Venison cooking time and method depend on the venison cut.
- Vegetables such as mushrooms, beetroot, juniper, and others pair best with venison.
How to Cook Venison?
How to cook venison depends on which venison cut you have. Venison has much less fat compared to traditional kinds of meat.
This makes it popular for health-conscious people, but it's easy to dry out when cooking. Moreover, venison fat doesn't taste as good as beef or pork fat, and many people don't find the taste pleasant.
For most meat cuts, fat is what gives the meat flavor and makes it delicious. But, you must use other animals' fat when you cook venison.
Here's how to cook venison step-by-step.
Also Read: How to Cook a Frozen Ham?
When marinading venison, go for an acidic marinade, for example, one with red wine vinegar, lemon, and salt. These help tone down the gamy flavor of venison steak and make the meat more tender.
I especially recommend using a marinade if you're a venison newbie to make the flavor more similar to beef cuts.
Marinate for at least three hours, or leave overnight for best results.
Note: This is an optional step; if you love the taste of deer, you can skip it. In that case, season with salt and pepper.
2. Let it Rest Before Cooking
If you’re skipping the marinating part, let the venison rest before cooking, and cook at room temperature.
You can leave it on the counter for about half an hour to forty-five minutes before cooking. That will allow the meat to cook more evenly because the center of the cut won’t be cold.
Another thing to do while venison steaks are resting is to remove the packaging and use a paper towel to pat the steaks to absorb excess moisture.
Note: You can pat dry the venison steak even if you marinate it to make sure there’s a brown crust on the meat.
3. Sear the Venison Steak
Use a hot pan, plate, or grill to sear the venison steak. Place a small amount of cooking oil or butter in a hot pan and heat it. Venison steaks should sizzle when they touch the cooking surface.
Then sear the meat on all sides to lock in the moisture. I recommend searing for 40 seconds on each side and 10 seconds on the edges. When you’re done searing, baste the meat in butter or oil for about 20 seconds.
When you’re done searing, you can finish the venison steaks in the oven to make sure it’s tender. Roast in the oven for about 10 minutes, and flip halfway through.
4. Let the Venison Steak Rest
Finally, don’t cut the steak right away but let it rest. The juices should settle and spread evenly throughout the meat, so you’ll have tender and juicy venison steaks.
Cover the meat with foil and let it rest for about 8 to 10 minutes.
Pro tip: Don’t cut the meat surface during any cooking stage because it’ll result in moisture loss.
Tips for Cooking Venison
My best tip for preparing venison is to choose the cooking method based on the venison cut. For example, tenderloin and loins are naturally tender, so these are best grilled on high heat or pan-seared.
Tougher cuts, such as shoulder shank, neck, or hind legs, should be cooked slow and low. You can braise these or use them in a stew. These are best cooked whole or diced before cooking.
You should also marinate these cuts before slow cooking so the meat becomes more tender.
“The 'wild' flavor of venison is directly related to what the animal eats. Corn fed deer will have a milder flavor than those that eat acorns or sage. The 'gamey' flavor is more noticeable in the fat. Removing the fat, connective tissue, silver skin, bone, and hair during processing lessens the 'gamey' taste.”
- University of Minnesota, Preserving & Preparing Food Safely
Here are some more tips on how to cook venison:
- Make smoke rings — You can make smoke rings on wild foods, including venison. Start smoking venison cold because a smoke ring stops developing at 140 degrees, so the longer the wild venison needs to reach this temperature, the better.
- Cook thin cuts cold — Thin cuts should be very cold before cooking so they remain pink. You can set them in the fridge or the freezer for about 20 minutes before cooking, so you have the pink center and golden brown outside.
- Cook thick cuts at room temperature — These shouldn't be too cold or too hot, so they cook evenly.
- Don't season if you're cooking at high temperature— If you cook venison on high heat, don't use rubs or seasoning except for salt because it'll ruin the meat's temperature. Instead, rub the meat when it comes off high heat, then let the meat rest.
- Don't substitute venison for beef — Beef fat is much richer than venison. Plus, deer have much less marbling than corned beef. Deer forage on grass, herbs, and other plants, but cattle are grown on a grain-based diet, so they have more fat . This is why it won't work if you substitute beef for venison in most recipes.
- Don't overcook — Overcooking venison cuts will result in rubbery and gamy meat. Venison cuts should be cooked rare or medium-rare unless you're mixing it with other red meat to add more fat.
Buying the Right Venison Cut
You have two options when buying venison: farmed or wild venison. Plenty of farms across the US let deer roam and graze in herds.
These farms sell the meat in on-site farm shops. In this case, the deer are killed on-site and don't have to travel to the slaughterhouse, which means less stress and tastier meat.
If you buy venison cuts from deer grown in herds, expect a lot of variation in texture and quality. In general, younger deer have more tender cuts, although meat aging and stress levels at slaughter also impact the flavor and texture.
The venison taste depends on the deer's age and how long it's been hung.
Another thing to keep in mind when buying venison is the venison season. This depends on the type and deer sex, but it generally lasts from late summer to late winter.
Keep in mind the deer diet. For example, meat from a red deer has a bolder flavor, and meat from roe or fallow is more delicate and subtle.
Finally, ask your butcher or game dealer about the hanging time because hanging venison impacts the flavor of the meat. The longer the venison is hanged, the more tender the meat is.
Side Dishes to Serve With Venison
Venison is best served with autumnal foods, such as mushrooms, beetroot, parsnip, and turnip. Juniper goes very well with ground venison because it gives a fresh aroma that goes well with the gamy flavor.
Another popular pairing is chocolate and venison. It may seem unorthodox, but bitter chocolate gives a rich flavor to venison. For example, you can pair dark chocolate and figs with a venison roast.
Venison also goes well with bacon, red wine, tomatoes, and thyme, but there’s no need to overdo the ingredients. Choose up to three other foods and serve with venison for the best flavor.
5 Most Popular Venison Recipes (Classics & Treats)
I’ve perfected several venison recipes, and today I’ll give you my recipes on venison classics such as venison burger and stroganoff, but I’ll also include some treats such as lasagna and ground venison tacos.
1. Venison Stew
- Prep Time: 15 minutes
- Cook Time: 1 hour and 15 minutes
- Total Time: 1 hour and 30 minutes
- Number of Servings: 6 to 8
- 2 garlic cloves
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 1 lb venison
- 1 tablespoon olive oil
- 2 cups diced carrots
- 1 cup diced celery
- 1 can diced tomatoes
- 4 cups beef or venison stock
- 3/4 teaspoon black pepper
- 2 1/2 cups potatoes, diced, with the skin on
- 1 tablespoon Worcestershire sauce
- Dice the venison. Remove all sinew tissue while dicing, or your meat will be tough. You should have bite-sized chunks.
- Add olive oil to a pot and heat on medium-high heat.
- Once the oil is hot, place the venison, and saute for up to 7 minutes. The edges should turn brown. Then remove the venison from the pot.
- Turn down the heat to medium.
- Add vegetables (potatoes, carrots, onion, and celery). Saute vegetables for up to 10 minutes until they soften.
- Add garlic, salt, and pepper, and cook for about a minute.
- Add tomatoes, broth, and Worcestershire sauce.
- Put venison back in the pot. Stir everything and bring it to a boil.
- Once the food is boiling, turn the heat to low, cover the pot, and let simmer for 1 hour until the venison meat is tender.
- Serve while hot.
2. Venison Steak
- Prep Time: 10 minutes and 3 hours for the marinade
- Cook Time: 14 minutes
- Total Time: 24 minutes and 3 hours for the marinade
- Number of Servings: 4
- 1 1/2 lbs of venison steak, 1 in thick
- 1/2 cup marinade of your choice
- Salt and pepper
- Lemon for serving (optional)
- Place the steaks in the bowl with a lid or a zip-top bag. Pour the marinade over the steaks until they are completely coated, and let it marinate for 3 hours in the fridge.
- When you want to cook, take the venison steaks out of the fridge, let it come to room temperature, and pat dry.
- Season the meat with salt and pepper.
- Preheat the grill or a seasoned cast-iron pan on medium-high.
- Put the steaks on the grill or the pan and cook for up to 7 minutes per side. Remove the steaks once they reach 145 degrees.
- Once the meat is done cooking, remove it from heat and let rest for about 10 minutes.
- Season with more salt if desired and a squeeze of lemon.
3. Venison Sausage Gravy
- Prep Time: 0 minutes
- Cook Time: 15 minutes
- Total Time: 25 minutes
- Number of Servings: 4
- 2 cups milk
- Black pepper
- 1 oz ground venison breakfast sausage
- 2 tablespoons unsalted butter
- 2 tablespoons flour
- Take out a large skillet and put the ground venison sausage in it.
- Cook the venison sausage on medium heat until it’s completely cooked.
- Melt the butter in the microwave. Add the flour and stir to make a roux.
- Once the sausage is done cooking, add the roux and stir.
- Add milk while stirring all the time.
- Lower the heat to medium-low and continue to stir frequently.
- When done cooking, season with salt and pepper and serve straight away.
4. Venison Roast
- Prep Time: 10 minutes
- Cook Time: 5 to 8 hours
- Total Time: 10 minutes and 5 to 8 hours
- Number of Servings: 8
- Salt and pepper
- 2 cups beef broth
- 1 cup mushrooms
- 3 to 4 oz venison roast
- 1 tablespoon garlic powder
- 2 tablespoons onion powder
- 2 cans of cream mushroom soup
- 5 tablespoons dry onion mix soup
Take out a large slow cooker, and spray it with vegetable oil.
Add the soups, broth, garlic, and onion powders and whisk until smooth. Season with salt and pepper, and add mushrooms.
Put the venison roast into the slow cooker and cook on high setting for 5 hours, or 8 hours on low setting if your venison roast is frozen.
Serve the venison roast with rice, mashed potatoes, and bread.
5. Venison Burgers
Prep Time: 5 minutes
Cook Time: 30 minutes
Total Time: 35 minutes
Number of Servings: 4 to 6
5 slices of bacon
1 oz ground venison
1/2 cup BBQ sauce
1/2 cup cheese
- Start up your grill, and pre-heat to 350 degrees with the lid closed.
- Put the bacon on the grill grate and cook for 15 minutes. The fat should completely render, and the bacon should be crispy.
- Then remove it from the grill and let it cool. After the bacon cools, break it into pieces.
- Mix together ground meat, BBQ sauce, bacon pieces, and cheddar cheese, and press into burger patties.
- Put the patties on the grill and cook until the internal temperature is 165 degrees. Flip the patties halfway through.
- When venison burgers are done, put them in the bun and top with your preferred toppings.
How Long Should Venison Be Cooked?
How long venison should be cooked depends on the cut and cooking methods. For example, venison roast should be cooked for 2 to 3 hours, but venison sausage should be cooked for 10 to 20 minutes per link.
What Is Best to Soak Deer Meat in Before Cooking?
Buttermilk, vinegar, lemon or lime juice, and saltwater are the best soak deer meat in before cooking. These help lower the gamy flavor.
How Should You Cook Venison?
Follow the steps I’ve outlined above to make sure your venison is prepared correctly. Venison steak should be served medium-rare. Cook it on medium-high heat so that it becomes fairly tender.
Overall, slow cooking is the best method for wild game, including venison. Young animals will have the best flavor, but it also depends on how the animal was slaughtered and how it was cared for.